Professor Emeritus, Applied Ethics in Medicine, Science and the Professions

California State University, Sacramento

626 B Street, Davis CA 95616

Narrative Sketch

      Stan Dundon received a complete training in undergraduate and graduate general ethics, medical ethics and moral theology ( Carmelite College of Philosophy and Theology). He holds a Ph.D. in the history and philosophy of science and technology from St. John’s University (New York). One of his earliest publications was on the care of the terminally ill (the Karen Quinlan case, in 1978).

                 Early in his career, human values in science and technology became his focus, especially in agriculture and the problem of world hunger. With the support of the Mellon Foundation he became one of the first two philosophers awarded an American Association for the Advancement of Science Congressional Science Fellowship. With this he worked for Congressman George Brown, specializing in world hunger and pesticide issues. He obtained Rockefeller Foundation support to continue his study of bioethics and human values in agriculture and went on to establish agricultural ethics courses at Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo and, with a National Science Foundation fellowship, and later Joyce Foundation support, at U. C. Davis. He continued to do medical ethics during this time, lecturing on organ transplants to medical students, advising the pre-med club at UC Davis, serving 12 years on the Institutional Review Boards of Sutter Health Central Area and  20+ years on Catholic HealthCare West’s (now Dignity HealthCare)IRB and currently on the IRB of the International Cell Surgical Society. He also sits on the Hospital Ethics Committees for Sutter Davis Hospital and Methodist Hospital (south Sacramento).

Emeritus Activities

Soon after leaving  the Sac State Campus in 2006, I  took the CBEST examination to qualify for  substitute teaching in K-12 classes in California. I also passed three of the four CSET examinations for teaching high school English. I began tutoring in English for a private tutoring service. I also taught graduate courses at the former University of Sacramento and undergraduates at the University of San Francisco.

Medical Research Ethics
Prior to retiring I had become a “public” member of three Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) for two regional medical systems with centers in Sacramento. These IRBs oversee the ethical quality of the medical research done under the auspices of the medical systems. I reduced my responsibilities in one after finding a Philosophy Department colleague to replace me, but  increased my competence in the field of medical research ethics by extensive study culminating in passing an examination for a credential, “Certified Institutional Review Board Professional” (C.I.P.) which enhanced my value to the boards I serve on. I no longer keep my C.I.P. current instead choosing to concentrate on autologous stem-cell therapies.

Hospital  Ethics
Also prior to retiring I had been serving on two hospital ethics committees.  A principal concern of both these hospitals and the systems they are part of is end-of-life care which I had been studying for years. Recently I had been lecturing and leading discussions locally on the topic for Western Service Workers Association. Its leadership anticipates a danger for their very low income members to be subjected to pressure to accept “Physician  Assisted Suicide” (PSA) in lieu of expensive end-of-life care.  Ultimately this led to my article on one convenient way of dispatching the vulnerable, “The Real World Implications of Denying Food and Water”, in The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly (Winter 2010).

Bioethics and Religious Faith
My extensive involvement in ethical problems in agricultural biotechnology while teaching at U.C.Davis did not so much die as transform into concern about applications of  bio-engineering to human in vitro fertilization and various kinds of tinkering with early human life in my last few years at Sac State. After my retiring  the Diocese of Sacramento asked me to provide groups of their religious education directors with day-long discussions of modern technological challenges to traditional Catholic defenses of human dignity in marriage, fertility treatments, genetic manipulation and end of life care.

Agricultural  and Environmental Ethics
A natural conjunction, based on  their shared concern for the world’s resources, exists between agricultural and environmental ethics.  Accepting this conjunction has been reluctant in some agricultural circles.  After retirement I continued my work in this area, authoring the article “Sustainable Agriculture” in the new (2009)Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy  and returning for a semester to Sac State to teach International Environmental Problems in the Environmental Studies Department. The moral obligation of agriculturalists to embrace environmental constraints, not as a distracting burden but as part of their very identity as responsible professionals is a theme I  contributed to shortly before retirement in an  agricultural ethics anthology, Agricultural Ethics in a Changing World, edited by Maarten Chrispeels and published by  Plant Physiology.

Professional Experience in Medical/Research Ethics

• AAAS Congressional Science Fellow, Advisor to Cong. George Brown (D. San Bernardino), Chair of Science and Technology Research Sub-Committee and Agricultural Research Committee (DORFA), Washington D.C. 1980-82

• Animal Use and Care Advisory Committee, University of California, Davis 1991- 93

• Institutional Review Board, Sutter Institute for Medical Research, 1996 to present.

• Ethics Committee, Sutter-Davis Hospital, 2001 to present.

• Institutional Review Board, Catholic Healthcare West, May 2004 to present.

• Ethics Committee, Methodist Hospital (Sacramento), 2005 to present.

Publications and Presentations Relevant to Medical Ethics

1. “Karen Ann Quinlan and the Freedom of the Dying,” Journal of Value Inquiry, Vol. XII, 1978

2. “Congressional Action and World Hunger,” World Food Seminar, Hillcrest Baptist Church, Washington D.C., October, 1980

3. AAAS Five Year Outlook , Moderator of Third World Agricultural Development Group, Washington D.C. 1980

4. “Philosophers in Non-Academic Careers, or Thinking from 9 to 5,” American Philosophical Association, Boston, 1980

5. “Ethical Questions in Risk Benefit Analysis,” Center for the Study of Values, University of Delaware, Feb., l981.

6. “Human Rights in Risk-Benefit Analysis,” 10th Inter-American Congress of Philosophy, Tallahassee, Florida, Oct., 1981

7. “Sources of Consensus First Principles in Agriculture Ethics”, Chapter in Ethics and Agriculture, ed. By Charles Blatz, Moscow, Idaho: Univ. of Idaho Press, 1990.

8. Ethics of Organ Transplants”, UC Davis Medical School, 4th year Ethics Retreat, March, 1993

9. Regular Contributor to “Ethics and Religion” column in Sacramento Bee, ed. by Paul Clegg, 1995-1999

10. “Physician Assisted Suicide” Nammour Symposium, CSUS, April 1996.

11. “Incoherence of ‘Autonomy’ in Preventing Abuse of Physician Assisted Suicide,” American Philosophical Association, Pacific Division, Berkeley, March 1997

12. “Ethical Decision-Making in Medicine,” University of California, Davis, May, 1997

13. “Caring without Killing, Bill Moyers and Soft Propaganda for Suicide” Seminar led by Dundon for Hospice of the Foothills Medical and Psychiatric Staff, Nevada City, October 24, 2000.

14. “Environmental and Institutional Risks of Genetic Engineering Specific to California” published by the Consortium for Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education’s journal Inquiry in Action, #26&27 Spring/Summer, 2000

15. “The Moral Obligation of Religious Counselors to be Critical of ‘Scientific Claims'” Graduate Theological Union, Berkeley CA, Nov. 9th 2000.

16. ” Comparing Deathbeds Before and After Legalization of Medically Assisted ‘Suicide'”, Oakland Diocese Respect Life, San Ramon CA, March 17th , 2001.

17. “The Ethics of Creating Novel Living Things as Works of Art”. Biotechnology and Art Symposium, CSU Sacramento, March 28th. 2001

18. “Modesty, Can It be Replaced with Contraception and Prozac?” Nammour Symposium, CSU Sacramento, April 25th, 2001

19. “Aggressive Palliative Care, Compassion for the Dying and the Sacredness of Life” St. Dominic’s Center, Benicia CA May 2001

20. “Nuclear Power and the Doctrine of the Double Effect”, in The Doctrine of the Double Effect: Philosophers Debate A Controversial Moral Principle, Ed. by Paul A. Woodward, University of Notre Dame Press. 2001

21. “Hippocratic and Judeo-Christian Ethics on End of Life Issues”, Santa Rosa Community Church, Santa Rosa, CA Feb. 2, 2002.

22. ” Preserving Multicultural Values in Medical School Ethics Instruction”, Society for Value Inquiry Conference, Values in Medicine, Past, Present and Future, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, April 4 -6, 2002

23. “Institutional Environment and Risk in Agricultural Biotechnology”, American Chemical Society Annual Convention, San Diego, April 2nd, 2001 (based on testimony given before California State Senate).

24. “Biotechnology and Feeding the World, Linking Science with Ethics”, panel with Drs. Claude Fauquet and Ignatio Chapella. Society for Nutrition Education, Annual Convention, Oakland, Ca. July 21st, 2001

25. “Ethical Justification for Labeling Genetically Modified Food and Feed”, presentation with a panel for the UC Davis (Extension) seminar for international lawyers: Conflict Resolution in World Trade, Aug. 16th, 2001

26. “The Risks and Benefits of Genetically Modified Foods and Feeds,” The Renaissance Society, CSUS. October 14th, 2002

27. “End of Life Medical Ethics and the Case of Robert Wendland,” UC Davis Medical Students’ Luncheon Seminar Series, University of California, Davis, December 2nd, 2002

28. “Ethical Principles Governing Medical Research on Human Subjects in the Belmont Report,” Institutional Review Committee, Sutter Health, Sacramento, February 26th, 2003

29. “Ethical Theories, Origin of First Principles in Medical Ethics and Their Use in Construction of Medical Ethics Reasoning”, Methodist Hospital Ethics Committee, May, 2007

Recent Professional Continuing Education:

• Attendance at three-day Seminar on Respect-Life Issues, Physician Assisted Suicide, Embryonic Stem Cell Research, Capital Punishment, Abortion, Denver, July 2001

• Attendance at Continuing Medical Education Seminar “History of Ethical Violations in Medical Research”, Sponsored by Sutter Roseville Hospital August 14, 2001

• Attendance at three~day NCBC training on Catholic Health Care Directives for Catholic Hospitals, Santa Teresita Hospital, Duarte CA, Oct 2001.

• Attendance at three day Seminar “Social Justice and Respect of Life Tensions on Reproduction, Cloning, and End of Life Issues” San Diego, Feb 10-12, 2002

• Continuing Medical Education Certification,; “HIPPA Privacy Rule Requirements for Research”. Sutter Roseville Medical Center, March 19, 2003

• Attendance at “Unnatural Selection: Should California Regulate Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis? ” presented by Stanford Center for Law and the Biosciences.” Palo Alto, Feb. 27, 2004

• Attendance at “Brave New Law: Human Reproduction and Biotechnology.” Presented by Stanford BioLaw, Palo Alto Feb. 28, 2004.

• Certificate of Training for Institutional Review Board Members. Conducted by the Department of Veterans Affairs. Fairfield, CA. August 30, 2004

• Hospital Ethics Committee’s Consensus Decision Process, Training with Dr. John Golenski [Bioethics Consultation Group], Sutter-Davis Hospital, Davis, CA  March 2007.

• Summer Workshop for Hospital Ethics Committees, California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, June 1-2, 2007

• Successful Completion of Requirements of the Council for Certification of IRB Professional and received certification, September 15, 2007

• Attendance “Annual National Catholic Bioethics Center Seminar”, by NCBC & Saint Francis Hosp. & Medical Center, San Francisco . Nov. 3, 2007

• Attendance at the National Research Community Forum sponsored by Office of Human Research Protection, U.S Department of Health and Human Services and U.C. Davis, Sacramento, February 8th, 2008.

• Attendance at, “Human Research Protections Office 4th Annual Conference”, Catholic Healthcare West .Saint Joseph Hospital, Phoenix AZ, April 2 to April 3, 2008

• Attendance at Catholic Healthcare West “2009 Human Research Protection Conference,” Sacramento, April 15th, 2009.

• Attendance at ” Human Research Protections Office (HRPO) Conf.” Catholic Healthcare West, Sacramento April 8, 2010.

Bioethics Practice

1. Institutional Review Committee , Sutter Health Central Area, 1996~present

2. National Coordinator of the Soul of Agriculture Project, 1999 to the present.

3. Ethics Committee, Sutter~Davis Hospital, 2000~present

4. Institutional Review Board, Catholic Healthcare West, 2004—present.

5. Ethics Committee, Methodist Hospital, Sacramento CA, 2005– present.

Collaborative and Interdisciplinary Work

6. Co-developer of Human Values in Engineering Course, Cal Poly SLO, 1975-77

7. Editorial Board member, Journal of Humanities and Technology 1978-80

8. Director, Human Values in Agriculture, Interdisciplinary Academic Improvement Program, co-developer of the course “Human Values in Agriculture,” Cal Poly, 1983-85.

9. Co-Developer, Interdisciplinary Program in Internationalizing the General Education, U.S. Department of Education grant, 1985-86

10. Director, GTE Foundation Seminar Series in Human Values Impacts of New Agricultural Technologies, 1987-88.

11. Co-Developer, Team-Taught Courses in Ethics in Agricultural Biotechnology and Ethics in Veterinary Medicine(Graduate Course), and Ethics in the Use of Animals, University of California, Davis, 1990-91.

12. Member, UC Davis research animal care committee (AAUCAC). 1990~91

Grant Writing and Grant Program Development

1. Research Associate, Center for Study of Values, Univ. of Delaware (Rockefeller Grant), 1981-82

2. Chancellor’s Academic Improvement Grants, Cal Poly, 1983-84 and 1984-85

3. U.S. Dept. of Education Grant, Internationalizing General Education, Cal Poly, 1985-86

4. GTE Foundation Grant, Impacts of Technology on Society, Cal Poly, 1987-88

5. National Science Foundation Fellow, Agricultural Economics, UC, Davis, 1989-90

6. Public Science Program (with Graham Gall), Biotechnology and Values, UC Davis, 1989.

7. Joyce Foundation Grant for Research and Course Development in the Ethics of Biotechnology and Public Policy, UC Davis, 1990-91

8. University of California, Biotechnology Program, Research and Course Development in Biotechnology, Ethics and Public Policy, [with Profs. James Marois and Desmond Jolly] U.C. Davis, 1990-91

9. School of Veterinary Medicine, U.C. Davis, Course Development and Teaching, Interdisciplinary Course: The Ethics of Animal Use.[with Dr. Dale Brooks] 1990-91.

10. Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program, University of California, Curriculum Development, Ethics in Agriculture for Farmers and Farm Advisors, Co-principal Investigator, with Prof. Desmond Jolly, 1992-94

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